Most of the ancient thinkers on the problem were trying to show that we humans have control over our decisions, that our actions "depend on us"and that they are not pre-determined by fate, by arbitrary gods, by logical necessity, or by a natural causal determinism.
April 13th, What is Nihilism?
Nihilism is a philosophy based on the idea that reality alone is important. All potential actions are choices we can make. However, nihilists are not relativists. We do not say all choices are equal, because equality is also a human projection. All choices are simply whatever their results are, because intentions exist only within the human mind and are not important.
Most people want to read into nihilism the typical kiddie-rebellion fatalism that infects the industrialized nations: The only statement nihilism makes is that nothing is real except reality.
Human projections are irrelevant because they are unrelated to outcomes. Every action we undertake on earth is a choice. Do I eat the red-spotted mushroom? A nihilist says to use the scientific method and look at what the whole of the results are.
Will it poison you? Will it mislead others? Will it harm the forest? Will it bring about any gain of any kind? These are all choices, and must be considered in turn. Nihilism is not a morality. Morality is what comes between humans and making choices. This puts us back to measuring our acts by intentions, when we really should instead look at what the results will be.
If an action brings about good results, we can talk about those anticipated results by looking at past similar actions and pointing out the similarity. In the same way, if a proposed action is likely to bring about bad results, we need to only compare it to past events.
Is that the result we want again? If there is religion in a nihilist world, it is esotericism, or the discovery of religious principles from patterns in our environment. If there is morality in a nihilist world, it is unceasing awareness of consequences. These things can exist, but they, too, are choices.
It means instead that the burden of consequences is upon the person who makes a choice.
Nihilism is also not anarchy. Anarchy is a moral judgment that a leadership structure should not exist. A nihilist will reject the idea that a State is necessary, but by recognizing that leadership is a choice, forces us to consider the consequences of types of leadership versus no leadership.
As a result, it is pragmatist, or non-utilitarian consequentialist. As a philosophy, nihilism recognizes that rejection of all values negates itself because it is in itself a value. Instead, nihilism views all values as choices. When these values are based on aspects of reality, they are nihilistic, but the creation of values like morality is dangerous because it removes us from thinking about reality and instead has us thinking about the words, symbols and relationships that comprise those values.
A nihilist would suggest that the healthiest human system is one where we look at consequences alone. Nihilism is ultimately a philosophy of affirmation. When we clear the human projection out of our heads, we are like children again, and can instead of reacting blindly to social projections, choose what we want out of life.The Philosophy of War.
Any philosophical examination of war will center on four general questions: What is war? What causes war? What is the relationship between human . A Beautiful Destruction: The cost of living is too high. Governments compromise. The popular corrupts the mind.
- Kindle edition by Mike Bhangu. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading A Beautiful Destruction: The cost of living is too high.
Conscience is a cognitive process that elicits emotion and rational associations based on an individual's moral philosophy or value system.
Conscience stands in contrast to elicited emotion or thought due to associations based on immediate sensory perceptions and .
Integral Humanism known as the guiding philosophy of BJP was first presented by Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya on April , in form of 4 lectures. This book is a response to a number of recent books promoting a strict materialism as a worldview, particularly a series of books by Ray Kurzweil, such as the Age of Spiritual Machines.
Introduction. A human being is part of the whole called by us universe, a part limited in time and space. We experience ourselves, our thoughts and feelings as something separate from the rest.