When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers.
In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics. End this element with a period.
Depending upon the type of source, it should be listed in italics or quotation marks. A book should be in italics: An individual webpage should be in quotation marks.
The name of the parent website, which MLA treats as a "container," should follow in italics: A song or piece of music on an album should be in quotation marks: Title of container Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to "containers," which are the larger wholes in which the source is located.
For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container. The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container.
The container may also be a television series, which is made up of episodes. The container may also be a website, which contains articles, postings, and other works. Interview by Gareth Von Kallenbach. In some cases, a container might be within a larger container.
You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books, or watched a television series on Netflix.
It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used. Accessed 27 May Other contributors In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc.
If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation. In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc.
A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc. Version If a source is listed as an edition or version of a work, include it in your citation.
Crowley, Sharon, and Debra Hawhee. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. Number If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation.
Current Conditions and Future Directions. The International Online-Only Journal, vol. Accessed 20 May Yes, Vladimir Putin is that "spy." Behind this short film stands the Committee to Investigate Russia, an organization created in September by actor, director, and activist Rob Reiner.
We are pleased to announce winners of the third Bad Writing Contest, sponsored by the scholarly journal Philosophy and Literature and its internet discussion group, PHIL-LIT..
The Bad Writing Contest attempts to locate the ugliest, most stylistically awful passage found in a scholarly book or article published in the last few years.
greg richards studies Event Management, Tourism, Museums, Tourist Attractions, and Theme Parks. Greg Richards is Professor of Placemaking and Events at Breda University of Applied Sciences and Professor of Leisure Studies at the University of Tilburg.
Postmodernism Ð'ÐŽÐ'§There is a sense in which if one sees modernism as the culture of modernity, postmodernism is the culture of postmodernityÐ'ÐŽÐ'Ð (Sarup ).
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This post is designed to help you revise for the AS Sociology Families and Households Exam. Postmodernists argue that we no longer live in the modern world with predictable orderly structures, such as the nuclear family.